Ciritcal Design Review

Group picture

Christian Bruderrek and Maria Birlem from Yuri and Julianna Schmitz from DLR (German Space Agency) visited us in Hannover Appelstraße to asses our SED if it was ready to pass the Critical Design Review (CDR). The SED was successfully presented by Pia, Dominik and Jakob. Today's results of experiment Glücksklee are: The main settings are defined and only a few adaptations have to be done until the Flight Readiness Review (FRR).

So all the work for it was worth it and we will celebrate it this evening!

Beginning of the presentation Presentation of some of our sponsors Electronic part Having a closer look to the experimental setup

  • 19 July 2022

    First Technical Prototype

    We just assebled our first technical prototype and checked whether all electrical components are working.

    Assembled prototype

    To create a prototype we 3d-printed our components. As this prototype is not designed to hold plants, we used resin which is not autoclavable, but cheaper.

    Refilling resin for 3d print Print before start Print finished

    Below there is an animation of the 3D print. Overall this print took 9:45h!

    After that we replaced our main-board with a PLA-printed dummy and moved its functionality to a breadboard. We found some minor changes that have to be adjusted in the CAD (e.g. more margins/tolerances, etc.) but overall this

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  • 07 July 2022

    Finalizing the electrical design

    After testing the different sensors, the Raspberry Pi connection via USB, the Light Module and more we are finishing the electrical design... Atleast for now ;)

    Mainboard with Raspberry Pi, Sensors and Camera Mainboard backside Mainboard Connector PCB with probe hooks

    The first Mainboard prototype has shown, that even with few components the routing of the wires can be pretty annoying. Thats why we switch to a four-layer PCB design. The front contains most of the components: The Raspberry Pi Zweo 2W, a CO2 and a O2 sensor, a environmental sensor that can measure humidity, pressure and temperature and an additional mixed-signal processor (MSP), a MSP430 from Texas Instruments. The camera is placed behind the

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  • 04 July 2022

    Second light prototype

    After the first light prototype was partially working as intended (we just forgot to connect the light driver to power) the second version was delivered this week.

    Light PCB in black and white Light PCB with components Light PCB with aluminium core

    In contrast to the prior version the pcb is now a true one-layer PCB with an aluminium core. This should simplify the transport of additional heat to the CubeLabs hull.

    We also changed the count of LEDs. As our tests have shown 9 LEDs should be sufficient.

  • 15 June 2022

    Mainboard Testing

    Besides the light the Mainboard is another central component of our experiment. It contains the used Raspberry Pi Zero 2W and hosts most of our sensors. Another purpose is the connection of the CubeLab electrical interface with our components.

    Mainboard Prototype with Raspberry Pi Zero 2W, power, and USB cable Probe pins used to connect USB to Raspberry Pi

    To be able to download images during the experiment is running, a USB connection to the SpaceTange SpaceLab will be established. Therefore the USB signals need to be routed through the CubeLab Interface over the Mainboard to the Raspberry Pi. Latter normally interfaces outher electronic parts over a 40 pin header row. In this case the USB connection needs to be

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  • May 2022

    Broadcast NDR

    The shortfilm about 'Glücksklee' will be broadcasted at 7:30 p.m. on NDR Niedersachsen and on 9:45 p.m. on NDR Info. If you are interested in watching it, just click the following link (it is in german language): NDR Niedersachsen

  • 21 May 2022

    Humidity tests for electronics

    Humidity tests with fan

    Today we tested whether the fan can sustain a high humidity in our experiment. Due to the agar and the plants the relative humidity inside our experiment can exceed 100% so that condensing water occurs. This can be bad for electronical components in general so we have to find a solution for this problem!

    Experiment setup Experiment setup closed CO2-Sensor breakout board for internal testing with status LED when a measurement is happening

    For this test, we first sealed the fan with a hot glue gun. Then we poured some hot water inside a box and placed our fan in it on a small platform. The fan was running at full power! We closed the

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  • 19 May 2022

    Visit of the NDR

    On 19th May this year the NDR came to our labs to film our work!

    Filming the assembly of a PCB Close up shooting of the extracted seedlings Interview about the design

    We showed our work with the technical side of the experimental chamber and the biological work in the S1 laboratory. It was a great experience with incredible 5 hours of filming, showing and talking.

  • 12 April 2022

    2 Preliminary plant experiments


    In the past experiments we had some nodules but not enough to do serious experiments on them. To identify if we can get more nodules by cutting away the tip of the roots at different stages, we sat up another preliminary experiment.

    The experimental design shows the different treatments. Uncut plants and plates are used as a control, to see if there is a difference and where the difference comes from.

    Then we had to prepare the seeds and the agar again.

    Remove seedcoat Seeds Preparation of seeds

    This time i shooted a picture of the autoclav, too. It is used to desinfect all the

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  • 10 April 2022

    Resin test print

    We received our first batch of prototypes printed with a 3D resin printer. They will be tested to ensure that the chamber survives the autoclave process needed to sterilize all components which have direct contact with the plants or the agar. This is necessary to prevent any form of mold and fungi.

  • 02 April 2022

    First light prototype

    There will be light

    Today the first batch of prototype pcb for the light module arrived. They are designed to only need one side to allow additional heat removal on the backside. As the components already arrived last week we where able to assemble our first light module.

    Light Module Prototype PCBs Backside of the Light Module Prototype PCBs

    In contrast to out plant box prototype pcb we increased the number of LEDs to 15 to allow a more even light distribution. To drive the LEDs to methods are implemented:

    • On the one hand the current running through the LEDs is achieved by a simple series resistance. To control the brightness an additonal N-MOSFET is
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  • 22 March 2022

    Preliminary design finished

    It took time but finally we have our preliminary CAT design. The structural component consists of one large piece that can be separated into a bio chamber and a electrical section. At the top a light module will be placed, on the back a mainboard that contains the Raspberry PI Zero 2W, a Raspberry PI Camera and additional sensors to analyze the environmental conditions.

  • 27 February 2022

    Plant boxes in action

    Our plant boxes have been in use for a while and show first results: First of all they look pretty cool in the dark.

    Assembly of the boxes Glow in the dark A view into our laboratory Top view of the sealed environment Results at the end of the experiment

    But we also learned that the correct choice of material and manufacturing process is important. The simple FDM printed boxes using PLA as material are not tight enough. Also sterilization cloud not be performed as it would have been necessary: In the end mold started to grow and we had to dispose the containers. The problem is, that those simple boxes cannot withstand the hot autoclavation process and had to be sterilized using alcohol wet-wipes. The

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